krutov.nu | Übersetzungen für 'windmill' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für windmill im Online-Wörterbuch krutov.nu ( Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung für 'windmill' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
The battle was, therefore, a victory for the Soviets. In the second battle, the conditions were quite similar. Both sides suffered heavy losses. The Germans advanced on Moscow and tried to surround the city in a pincer attack by launching two major offences.
The Soviets resisted their attacks, however, when they constructed three major defensive belts and by employing many reserve troops and extra soldiers recalled from areas where fighting was not that severe.
They stopped the Germans and then launched an offensive of their own. The Germans were forced to retreat. The destruction of the windmill represents the destruction of what the Soviets had achieved by the time the Second World War began.
The two battles nearly devastated both cities and, as already mentioned, heavy losses had been suffered. However, through their resilience and bravery, the Soviets survived these onslaughts, just as the animals did.
By now, most readers will know that modern windmills turbines primary purpose is to produce electricity from wind with as little impact on the environment as possible.
These next few notes simply highlight this sustainable initiative. The minimal impact on the environment is, however, controversial.
Peculiarly, when we talk about the Dutch, we locate them to Holland, a federal province of European Union Member, the Netherlands.
Here are just a few brief interesting facts about the Dutch windmill. To help understand how the modern wind turbine works we can also take a look at some of its main components and what they are used for.
Littlefield , Texas , claims the world's tallest windmill. An isometric drawing of the machinery of the Beebe Windmill.
Diagram of the smock mill at Meopham , Kent. Windshaft, brake wheel, and brake blocks in smock mill d'Admiraal in Amsterdam.
Technical drawing of a Dutch tower mill for land drainage. In the 14th century windmills became popular in Europe; the total number of wind-powered mills is estimated to have been around , at the peak in , which is modest compared to some , waterwheels.
More recently, windmills have been preserved for their historic value, in some cases as static exhibits when the antique machinery is too fragile to put in motion, and in other cases as fully working mills.
Of the 10, windmills in use in the Netherlands around ,  about 1, are still standing. Most of these are being run by volunteers, though some grist mills are still operating commercially.
Many of the drainage mills have been appointed as backup to the modern pumping stations. The Zaan district has been said to have been the first industrialized region of the world with around operating wind-powered industries by the end of the eighteenth century.
Construction of mills spread to the Cape Colony in the seventeenth century. The early tower mills did not survive the gales of the Cape Peninsula , so in the Heeren XVII sent carpenters, masons, and materials to construct a durable mill.
The mill, completed in , became known as the Oude Molen and was located between Pinelands Station and the Black River. Long since demolished, its name lives on as that of a Technical school in Pinelands.
A wind turbine is a windmill-like structure specifically developed to generate electricity. They can be seen as the next step in the development of the windmill.
The first wind turbines were built by the end of the nineteenth century by Prof James Blyth in Scotland ,  Charles F. La Cour's mill from later became the local powerplant of the village Askov.
By the s, windmills were widely used to generate electricity on farms in the United States where distribution systems had not yet been installed, built by companies such as Jacobs Wind , Wincharger, Miller Airlite, Universal Aeroelectric, Paris-Dunn, Airline, and Winpower.
The Dunlite Corporation produced turbines for similar locations in Australia. The development of these 13 experimental wind turbines pioneered many of the wind turbine design technologies in use today, including: The modern wind power industry began in with the serial production of wind turbines by Danish manufacturers Kuriant, Vestas , Nordtank , and Bonus.
Since then, commercial turbines have increased greatly in size, with the Enercon E capable of delivering up to 7 MW, while wind turbine production has expanded to many countries.
As the 21st century began, rising concerns over energy security , global warming , and eventual fossil fuel depletion led to an expansion of interest in all available forms of renewable energy.
Windpumps were used to pump water since at least the 9th century in what is now Afghanistan , Iran and Pakistan. The American windmill , or wind engine , was invented by Daniel Halladay in  and was used mostly for lifting water from wells.
Larger versions were also used for tasks such as sawing wood, chopping hay, and shelling and grinding grain.
During the late 19th century steel blades and steel towers replaced wooden construction. At their peak in , an estimated , units were in use.
These windpumps are used extensively on farms and ranches in the United States, Canada, Southern Africa, and Australia. They feature a large number of blades, so they turn slowly with considerable torque in low winds and are self-regulating in high winds.
A tower-top gearbox and crankshaft convert the rotary motion into reciprocating strokes carried downward through a rod to the pump cylinder below.
Such mills pumped water and powered feed mills, saw mills, and agricultural machinery. In Australia, the Griffiths Brothers at Toowoomba manufactured windmills of the American pattern from , with the trade name Southern Cross Windmills in use from These became an icon of the Australian rural sector by utilizing the water of the Great Artesian Basin.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Windmill disambiguation. Wind power and High-altitude wind power.